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Antarctica soils, weathering processes and environment I. B. Campbell and G. G. C. Claridge

By: Campbell, I. B.
Contributor(s): Claridge, G. G. C.
Material type: materialTypeLabelBookSeries: Developments in soil science 16.Set: AntarcticaPublisher: Amsterdam [u.a.] Elsevier 1987Description: XXXVIII, 368 S. : Ill., graph. Darst., Kt.ISBN: 0444427848.Subject(s): Bode | Geomorphologie | Antarktis | Sibirien | Bodenkunde | GeologieDDC classification: 552/.5 Summary: Contents: Preface. - Chapter 1. Introduction. - Chapter 2. The geology and geomorphology of Antarctica. - Introduction. - Geology. - Tectonic history. - Significance of underlying geology to soil formation. - Geomorphology. - Constructional landforms. - Alluvial features. - Conclusion. - Chapter 3. The climate of Antarctica. - Introduction. - Climatic elements. - General climatic regions. - Ice-free regions. - The climate of the soil. - Climatic zones and soil relationships. - Conclusion. - Chapter 4. Biology of Antarctic soils. - Introduction. - Distribution of organisms. - The influence of organisms in soil development. - Biology of thermally heated ground. - Conclusion. - Chapter 5. Physical weathering and rock disintegration. - Introduction. - Physical weathering of rocks. - Rock disintegration. - Wind action and rock disintegration. - Physical weathering within the regolith. - Conclusion. - Chapter 6. Chemical weathering. - Rock-weathering studies. - Clay mineral formation. - Calcite and gypsum accumulations. - Influence of salts on soil weathering. - Chapter 7. Soils and soil properties. - Introduction. - Summary of pedological research. - The soil properties. - Conclusion. - Chapter 8. Soil distribution and factors influencing the soil pattern. - Introduction. - Soil forming factors. - Influence of climate. - Local soil moisture variations and profile development. - Parent material differences and soil distribution. - The influence of time on soil development. - Weathering stages in soil formation. - General distribution of weathered soils. - Topography and the soil pattern. - Microtopography and soil pattern. - Conclusion. - Chapter 9. The salts in Antarctic soils. - Introduction. - The chemistry of precipitation. - Chemistry of saline lakes. - Lakes in coastal East Antarctica. - Lakes in the McMurdo Sound region. - Bedded salt deposits of coastal regions. - Salt deposits in soils. - Origin of the salts. - Morphology of salts. - Migration of salts. - Salts and time. - Conclusion. - Chapter 10. Soil weathering and glacial history. - Introduction. - Evidence of multiple glaciations. - Estimates of absolute age. - General outline of Mcmurdo glaciations. - Soil weathering stages and glacial chronology. - Reconstruction of Antarctic glaciation. - Conclusion. - Chapter 11. Classification of Antarctic soils. - Introduction. - Generalised approaches to Antarctic soil classification. - Detailed classification of Antarctic soils. - Alternative approaches to Antarctic soil classification. - Similarities with aridic soils. - Conclusion. - Chapter 12. Soils and environmental considerations. - Introduction. - Soil ecosystems. - Climatic sensitivity and soil development. - Soil stability and renewal. - Conclusion. - References. - Index.
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Literaturverz. S. 341 - 358

Contents: Preface. - Chapter 1. Introduction. - Chapter 2. The geology and geomorphology of Antarctica. - Introduction. - Geology. - Tectonic history. - Significance of underlying geology to soil formation. - Geomorphology. - Constructional landforms. - Alluvial features. - Conclusion. - Chapter 3. The climate of Antarctica. - Introduction. - Climatic elements. - General climatic regions. - Ice-free regions. - The climate of the soil. - Climatic zones and soil relationships. - Conclusion. - Chapter 4. Biology of Antarctic soils. - Introduction. - Distribution of organisms. - The influence of organisms in soil development. - Biology of thermally heated ground. - Conclusion. - Chapter 5. Physical weathering and rock disintegration. - Introduction. - Physical weathering of rocks. - Rock disintegration. - Wind action and rock disintegration. - Physical weathering within the regolith. - Conclusion. - Chapter 6. Chemical weathering. - Rock-weathering studies. - Clay mineral formation. - Calcite and gypsum accumulations. - Influence of salts on soil weathering. - Chapter 7. Soils and soil properties. - Introduction. - Summary of pedological research. - The soil properties. - Conclusion. - Chapter 8. Soil distribution and factors influencing the soil pattern. - Introduction. - Soil forming factors. - Influence of climate. - Local soil moisture variations and profile development. - Parent material differences and soil distribution. - The influence of time on soil development. - Weathering stages in soil formation. - General distribution of weathered soils. - Topography and the soil pattern. - Microtopography and soil pattern. - Conclusion. - Chapter 9. The salts in Antarctic soils. - Introduction. - The chemistry of precipitation. - Chemistry of saline lakes. - Lakes in coastal East Antarctica. - Lakes in the McMurdo Sound region. - Bedded salt deposits of coastal regions. - Salt deposits in soils. - Origin of the salts. - Morphology of salts. - Migration of salts. - Salts and time. - Conclusion. - Chapter 10. Soil weathering and glacial history. - Introduction. - Evidence of multiple glaciations. - Estimates of absolute age. - General outline of Mcmurdo glaciations. - Soil weathering stages and glacial chronology. - Reconstruction of Antarctic glaciation. - Conclusion. - Chapter 11. Classification of Antarctic soils. - Introduction. - Generalised approaches to Antarctic soil classification. - Detailed classification of Antarctic soils. - Alternative approaches to Antarctic soil classification. - Similarities with aridic soils. - Conclusion. - Chapter 12. Soils and environmental considerations. - Introduction. - Soil ecosystems. - Climatic sensitivity and soil development. - Soil stability and renewal. - Conclusion. - References. - Index.

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